Excessive Alcohol Consumption Can Affect Bone Health

Research shows that chronic heavy alcohol use, especially during adolescence and young adult years, can dramatically affect bone health and increase the risk of osteoporosis later in life. A role for ethanol-induced oxidative stress in controlling lineage commitment of mesenchymal stromal cells through inhibition of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Injured and contralateral tibias were harvested from the mice 3, 6, and 9 days post-fracture and placed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for 48 h. The tibias were decalcified in 10% EDTA with agitation for 5 days, processed through a graded series of alcohol solutions and xylene, and infiltrated overnight with melted paraffin at 56–58°C. The tibias were oriented identically during paraffin embedding in order to identify mid-callus sections. Five-micrometer longitudinal sections were taken at the middle of the callus and placed onto Superfrost © Plus slides and baked on a 60°C slide warmer overnight. Sections from each group were stained routinely with hematoxylin and eosin.Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. If you or someone you love needs treatment for an addiction and co-occurring disorder, call The Canyon at the toll-free helpline on our homepage. Someone is there to take your call 24 hours a day and answer any questions you have about treatment, financing or insurance. Vitamin D is found naturally in only a few foods like egg yolks and fatty fish, but manufacturers add it to other foods, like milk or orange juice. Adults should get at least 600 IU of vitamin D every day, and if you’re over 70 you should get at least 800 IU. We thank PARK Eun-Sun at Seoul National university Medical library for her contribution in developing the search strategy in MEDLINE database via Ovid.Zhong N, Gersch RP, Hadjiargyrou M. Wnt signaling activation during bone regeneration and the role of Dishevelled in chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. Williams G, Daly M, Proude EM, Kermode S, Davis M, Barling J, Haber PS. The influence of alcohol and tobacco use in orthopaedic inpatients on complications of surgery. Day TF, Guo X, Garrett-Beal L, Yang Y. Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in mesenchymal progenitors controls osteoblast and chondrocyte differentiation during vertebrate skeletogenesis. The two scientists work at the Omaha Veterans Affairs Medical Center and have studied the relationship of alcohol on health for several years. They receive funding from agencies including the VA and the National Institute of Health Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Your call is confidential, and there’s no pressure to commit to treatment until you’re ready. As a voluntary facility, we’re here to help you heal — on your terms.

Alcohol Administration Inhibited Cartilaginous Callus Formation

A pair of angled bone scissors was used to surgically create a mid-diaphyseal tibial fracture. The insect pin was cut flush with the bone and the wound was sutured closed. Mice were then placed in clean cages on heating pads with free access to food and water. All animals received postoperative buprenex subcutaneously (0.05 mg/kg/q8) for pain control for 24 h post-injury.

  • A 2005 human study found bioactive silicon to enhance the effects of calcium and vitamin D3 on new bone formation.
  • This study investigates the effects of alcohol exposure on the early stages of fracture healing using a mouse model of tibia fracture.
  • The purpose of this study was to merely determine if alcohol-induced oxidative stress was a leading contributor to poor fracture healing in our model, and if this process could involve FoxO signaling.
  • First, we demonstrated that primary cultured mouse MSC migrated toward rOPN (5 or 1 μg/ml) in a dose-dependent manner, with negligible migration observed in cells not stimulated with rOPN (Fig.7a).
  • To prevent animal mortality due to rapid ethanol withdrawal in group D, the changeover to the control diet was done gradually by reversing the above sequence of alcohol concentrations over 3 days and feeding the ethanol-free control diet ad libitum, thereafter.
  • Determine the effects of alcohol consumption/ abstinence and restriction of diet intake before and after fracture on restoration of normal bone repair outcome in untreated and NAC-treated rats.

Also impressive is a Swedish meta-analysis of 17 such clinical hip fracture trials which reported that oral multi-nutrient supplementation reduced deaths and complications from hip fracture by nearly 50%. For the last decade, Callaci and his colleagues have instead been interested in the effects of binge drinking on bone health.In this study, we examined the effects of episodic alcohol exposure on the early stages of fracture healing in a model system of mouse tibia fracture. We show evidence that the accumulation of granulation tissue and mineralization of the external cartilaginous callus forming at the fracture site are negatively affected by alcohol exposure.


In contrast to the saline group, callus size does not increase in the alcohol group between days 6 and 9, as seen in Figure 2D–E. Minimal cartilage and bone in the external callus has formed through day 14 . The periosteal callus at day 9 is not clearly defined, and appears to be replaced by immature, myofibroblastic tissue . The chondrocytes in the limited amount of hyaline cartilage at day 9 possess an immature and chondroblastic phenotype rather than hypertrophic. Bone formation in the alcohol group at post-fracture day 14 appears predominantly periosteal-derived .First, we demonstrated that primary cultured mouse MSC migrated toward rOPN (5 or 1 μg/ml) in a dose-dependent manner, with negligible migration observed in cells not stimulated with rOPN (Fig.7a). Primary MSC were then cultured in the presence of 50 mM ethanol for either 24 h prior to the assay (pre-exposure), during the assay , or both. In each exposure regimen, MSC demonstrated significantly less migration toward 5 μg/ml rOPN. A trend toward decreased MSC migration was observed in cells exposed to 50 mM ethanol and stimulated with 1 μg/ml rOPN (Fig.7a). The chemotactic index, expressed as fold change in MSC migration over unstimulated control MSC migration is shown in Fig.7b.The bones were rinsed in wash buffer and briefly fixed at room temperature in 0.2% glutaraldehyde. The tibias were rinsed again in wash buffer and placed in tubes containing X-Gal staining solution, consisting of 2 mM MgCl2, 5 mM potassium ferrocyanide, 5 mM potassium ferricyanide, and 1 mg/ml X-gal (Fermentas Inc., Glen Burnie, MD), for 36 hours at 37°C. Bones were then rinsed in wash buffer followed by decalcification at 4°C in daily changes of 10% EDTA for 5 days. The tibias were then processed for paraffin-embedding as described above and counterstained with neutral red. Acute alcohol exposure resulted in significant impairment of fracture callus tissue formation, perturbation of the key Wnt pathway protein β-catenin, and disruption of normal Wnt-mediated transcription.Studies have shown that heavy alcohol use means that older people also lose more bone more quickly than people who do not drink alcohol. Different healthcare providers have different benchmarks they use to determine when pain is chronic, but many consider it about six months past when it should’ve ended. These new nerves are what cause sharp pain when you move the broken bone and a dull, aching pain while it’s resting. Broken bones typically take at least six weeks to heal, and some may take much longer. Beer drinkers may now have a good excuse to enjoy happy hour – a new clinical study recently found beer may help keep your bones strong. A soft replaces the blood clot that formed in the inflammatory stage. The callus holds the bone together, but isn’t strong enough for the body part to be used.

Steps For Healing Broken Bone Fractures Faster

Whole tibia, whether fractured or intact contralateral, were weighed. Fracture callus was isolated from injured tibiae using a Dremel rotary cutting tool ; contralateral intact tibiae were left undisturbed. A Spex Freezer Mill was then used to pulverize the specimens while frozen in 1 mL lysis buffer (from 10 mL RIPA Buffer, 1 tablet Protease Inhibitor Cocktail, 100 μL Halt Phosphatase Inhibitor).A large plastic deformation of the fractured tibia specimens was observed while testing, causing the specimen to wedge in the 4-point testing apparatus, making load to failure measurements unreliable at this time point . Callus stiffness was measurable at 7 days post-injury by 4-point bending and was significantly decreased in calluses from alcohol-exposed mice compared to saline controls (Fig.3). One possibility that his team plans to test in future studies is injecting mice with extra stem cells, so that even with diminished quantities of the stem cell-recruiting protein OPN, they’d be able to get sufficient levels to the healing site. Another option could be giving mice an antioxidant called NAc, which combats oxidative stress throughout the body, perhaps speeding bone healing as well. Also important is advice on abstaining from alcohol when broken bones are healing, because drinking has a detrimental effect on the healing process. “To heal properly, bone cells must first form a ‘matrix,’ which later hardens or ossifies,” explains fellow researcher at the Omaha VA Medical Center, Dr Terrence Donohue . “Alcohol consumption changes the composition of this matrix by suppressing the formation of osteoblasts and/or decreasing their ability to respond to signals that normally trigger bone formation after a fracture.”

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A 2005 human study found bioactive silicon to enhance the effects of calcium and vitamin D3 on new bone formation. COPPER. Copper aids in the formation of bone collagen and is important to the healing process. The body’s demand for both copper and zinc rises according to the severity of the trauma. Inflammation is an essential component of the healing process in bone. Although painful, it is an important part of the cleaning-up and rebuilding process.HY was involved in data collection for both the μCT and in vitro MSC migration experiments. MCMM received grant funding to support the project and was involved in both the preliminary studies the manuscript is based on and the SDF1α experiment data acquisition and analysis. PR oversaw most of the actual experimental procedures and data analysis presented in the manuscript, and was involved in the editing of the manuscript. JJC is the Principal Investigator, in whose laboratory the studies were conducted.Foot and ankle surgeons are the leading experts in foot and ankle care today. As doctors of podiatric medicine – also known as podiatrists, DPMs or occasionally “foot and ankle doctors” – they are the board-certified surgical specialists of the podiatric profession.She also reports great success applying a hot, fresh burdock leaf poultice to reduce the swelling induced by a fracture. Arnica is reportedly another helpful herb, as detailed by herbal researcher Alma Hutchens, but it must be used with caution as large amounts are poisonous. She reports that five drops or fewer of Arnica tincture given every 3 to 4 hours after the initial trauma is said to help recovery from the trauma of fracture. Horsetailgrass is an herb high in silicon, which can be boiled and made into a tea valuable in the early stages of fracture healing. In all cases, however, herbal medicine should be used under the guidance of a qualified herbalist.The main minerals in bone are calcium and phosphorus, in the form of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals. This hydroxyapatite compound plays an important role in regulating the elastic stiffness and tensile strength of bone. The building and rebuilding of bone tissue requires adequate supplies of both calcium and phosphorus, which can be supplied from diet and bone reserves. Early research suggested that fractures can heal normally independent of dietary calcium and indeed it has been found that during the first few weeks of healing, calcium is drawn from the skeleton for fracture healing. After that, the diet provides the calcium necessary for fracture repair.